Friday, December 21, 2012

BODI PEOPLE: AN ANCIENT ETHIOPIAN TRIBE AND THEIR KAEL CULTURAL CEREMONY

 The Bodi or Me'en is the name of a semi-nomadic tribe living in the Omo valley, about 140 km from Jinka town, southern Ethiopia. South of the Bodi are the Mursi tribe.
                                           Bodi people on their way to a funeral, Omo Valley,Ethiopia

The Bodi speak the Bodi language as a mother tongue, which belongs to the Nilo-Saharan language family. They are pastoralists (livestock farmers) and agriculturalists.  


      Bodi Tribe Man And Cattle, Hana Mursi, Omo Valley, Ethiopia

Along the banks of the river, they will grow sorghum, maize and coffee.  They live with their cattle herds and livestock plays a large role in the tribe.
                                               Bodi tribe boy

                                             Bodi tribe youths at Salamago

                                Bodi tribe woman at Salamago,Omo Valley,Ethiopia

The bodis are one of the ethnic group in Ethiopia`s Omo valley that have refused to change to the modern way of life and prefers their indigenous tribal pastoral life. The bodi still engages in barter trade system. Bodi people in south Ethiopia walk for hours to reach the weekly markets, where they exchange stuff or buy some.
This little Bodi tribe boy was going to sell some milk, and will come back with tobacco or honey.

Similar to the Mursi, livestock plays an important role I marriage, divination, and name-giving rituals. The Bodi classification of cattle is complex, with over eight words to denote different colors and patterns. Bodi dress is simple. The women wear goatskins tied at the waist and shoulder, while men fasten a strip of cotton or bark-cloth around their waist.
                                              Bodi tribe girl


   Bodi woman with her gima stick.Hana, South Ethiopia© Eric Lafforguewww.ericlafforgue.com

Bodi women likes fashion and they are fond of making tribal beautification marks on their bodies. These beautification marks (scarifications) comes in many forms as the bearer want it to be. They adorn their body with beautiful tribal bracelets.
                                    Pretty Bodi tribe girl showing her tribal beautification marks

                                           Bodi girl with her tribal beautification marks


Bodi tribe smiling girl - Ethiopia
She has a fresh scarification on the arm and is very proud of it!
                    Beautiful Bodi Tribe girl
 Every year, they celebrate their new year, 'Ka`el’ (Bodi New year Celebration) between June and July, depending on the full moon, the rains. This celebration is a bit different than a usual new year celebration’s as the tradition is to feed young men from every Bodi village. They are fed with only honey, cow blood and milk during 3-6 months (fattening process).
     Bodi tribe cow sacrifice - Ethiopia



To celebrate their new year called the Kael, the Bodi tribe in south Ethiopia, Omo valley, kill a cow. They use a huge stone and bang the head....then they open the cow, read the intestines, and take the blood to drink it...

Bodi tribe cow sacrifice - Ethiopia


To celebrate their new year called the Kael, the Bodi tribe in south Ethiopia, Omo valley, kill a cow. They use a huge stone and bang the head....then they open the cow, read the intestines, and take the blood to drink it...

Kael ceremony in Bodi tribe - Ethiopia. Bodi men using their hand to fetch blood from the slaughtered cow`s belly to drink
                                   

              Mixing cow blood with Honey

                                 Bodi tribe Kael ceremony - Ethiopia
The Keal ceremony is the New year of the Bodi tribe in south Ethiopia. To celebrate it, they dance, drink, sing...
© Eric Lafforgue
www.ericlafforgue.com
To celebrate their new year Ka`el, the Bodi tribe in south Ethiopia, kill a cow. They use a huge stone and bang the head....then they open the cow, rip out  the intestines for divination, and take the blood to drink it
 The feeding on the blood mixed with honey and cow milk enables them to almost double their weight,which makes them ready for the competition. Contestants for this competition goes naked to make them eligible to participate.
 Fat man from Bodi tribe at Ka`el ceremony


On the competition day, the contestants and the village folks assembles at the Bode King village. Traditional bodi tribal warrior dances are performed to the delight of on-lookers. After the dance, the bodies of the contestants are measured by the elders who then decide who is the fattest winner.
                            Ka`el ceremony contestants on a break


                                    Fat contestant at a Ka`el ceremony of the Bodi tribe


                                       Ka`el ceremony contestants

 The fattest person is then declared as the winner of the competition and is honored with a great fame in the bodi tribe.
      
                             Portrait of a Beautiful Bodi tribe girl with tribal beautification marks

When a member of Bodi tribe dies. The woman of the tribe shout to the spirits and chant of his/her death to bring the soul to peace. The Bodi men perform ceremonial death procession and will keep the body of the deceased safe for 3 days. After this, the tribe will gather together and eat as a sign of respect, and to ensure passing into the next world. 
The Bodi Funeral Procession


                        The Bodi Tribe Hairstyles

Bodi tribe are the most friendlier,shy and accommodating people. Amongst the tribes in Ethiopia`s Omo Valley, Bodi are very have very beautiful women whiles their men tend to be very fat with big feets. 
The Bodi have a natural flair for fashion and they have one of the most diverse magnificent hairstyles (hair-cut) among the indigenous tribes in Omo Valley.
                                  Bodi girl with a beautiful hairstyle

                                   An indigenous Bodi woman, Lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia.


                                      Bodi Tribe man


A girl from the Bodi Tribe in the Lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia. | © Boaz Rottem

                                        Bodi tribe youth with a tribal Bodi hair-cut style


                                       Pretty girl from Bodi tribe with a braided hairstyle


                                                       Bodi Tribe girl


                   Bodi tribe boy with tribal hair-cut, Hana Mursi Ethiopia


                         Original Bodi women hairstyle



     Bodi tribe man, Omo Valley, Ethiopia
               The Bodi Tribe Hairstyle


             Bodi man`s hairstyle




                                Bodi girl






                        Awesome hairstyle

Bodi Tribe Man Drinking Milk, Hana Mursi, Omo Valley, Ethiopia

Bodi tribe people threatened by the Ethiopian Government
Plantations are built and made possible by the land grabbing leaded by the Ethiopian Authority like in Hana Mursi or Koka villages; to achieve its goals, Ethiopian government planned to displace local population towards settlements areas in new villages; the Omo Valley houses multiple different tribes like Hamer, Mursi, Nyangatom, Bodi, Suri, Karo, Dassanech, Bana, Tsamay, Erbore, Menit with rich and primary lifestyle and practices; these tribes are threaten by the army into giving up the land where their ancestors lived and abandoned their traditional lifestyle; some tribes have surrounded and accepted to move in the settlement areas; others refuse to leave those fertile lands and drop their culture and traditions, they came into resistance with their limited means at their disposal,; the government allocates those lands to foreign companies (Malaysian, Saudis, Indians…) who all rent land at the paltry cost of one euro per hectare a year; this governmental practice is seen by the opponents as the result of a corruption system; the lifestyle of the local tribes are endangered, they depend on the crops and their cattle; without land to graze for their cows, in the settlement area, they will face the inherent problems of urban life (aids, disease, alcohol, loss of social reference); the situation is worrying as the increase in acts of intimidation (arbitrary imprisonment, threats) and murders in the area.
Portrait of Oudulomasha
Bodi tribe
"Our goats are very valuable to us and a respected member of the tribe. They give us both food and clothing."
The missionaries have not visited this tribe yet.
© Joey L






                    Bodi beauty - Omo Ethiopia by Eric Lafforgue



          Bodi Tribe man blowing in a horn, Hana Mursi, Omo Valley, Ethiopia


                Bodi tribe man - Ethiopia by Eric Lafforgue






                    Bodi tribe couple with baby, Omo Valley, Ethiopia by Eric Lafforgue




                       Bodi tribe young sheperd, Omo Valley, Ethiopia by Eric Lafforgue



Bodi Fat Man , Hana Mursi area, Omo, Ethiopia



Photo source:http://www.flickriver.com/photos/tags/bodi/interesting/

4 comments:

  1. Thanks for your sharing! You're well-done and i've found everything amazingly (in this blogspot)

    ReplyDelete
  2. Thanks for all the effort you have put into this. The photo composition is marvelous. What beautiful people!!
    I was in East Africa many years ago and I loved my experience, this is where we all came from. I wish the Ethiopian government would embrace the diversity and beauty of their country instead of trying to destroy them. I hope we can start a world wide campaign so that the world is aware of this situation. I am willing to help. Thanks again.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Avaaz, action time to protect them from big investees.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Avaaz, action time to protect them from big investers.

    ReplyDelete